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WebView

What Is WebView?

WebView is an Automate control that can be used to display a web page on a chart or an indicator output window.

WebView is based on Microsoft Edge WebView2. As a result, it is fully compatible with all modern web standards.

You can also execute JavaScript code on a page and get the results via WebView.

You can execute JS code on a page and get back the result with WebView.

Note

WebView only works on .NET 6 or later indicators and cBots.

How Do I Use WebView in cTrader?

As an example, we will display the cTrader.com website inside a window and the main chart.

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using cAlgo.API;

namespace cAlgo.Robots
{
    [Indicator(AccessRights = AccessRights.None, IsOverlay = true)]
    public class WebViewOnWindow : Indicator
    {
        private WebView _webView;

        [Parameter("On Window?", DefaultValue = false)]
        public bool OnWindow { get; set; }

        protected override void Initialize()
        {
            _webView = new WebView
            {
                DefaultBackgroundColor = Color.Red
            };

            _webView.Loaded += OnWebViewLoaded;

            if (OnWindow)
            {
                var window = new Window
                {
                    Child = _webView
                };

                window.Show();
            }
            else
            {
                Chart.AddControl(_webView);
            }           
        }

        public override void Calculate(int index)
        {
        }

        private void OnWebViewLoaded(WebViewLoadedEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.NavigateAsync("https://ctrader.com/");
        }
    }
}

After creating an instance of the below indicator, you will be able to navigate between various web pages on cTrader.com. In essence, your chosen output window will behave similarly to a web browser.

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using cAlgo.API;

namespace cAlgo.Robots
{
    [Robot(AccessRights = AccessRights.None)]
    public class WebViewOnWindow : Robot
    {
        private WebView _webView;

        private TextBox _addressTextBox;

        private TextBox _scriptTextbox;

        private Button _executeScriptButton;

        protected override void OnStart()
        {
            var goBackButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "←",
                Margin = 3
            };

            goBackButton.Click += OnGoBackButtonClick;

            var goForwardButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "→",
                Margin = 3
            };

            goForwardButton.Click += OnGoForwardButtonClick;

            _addressTextBox = new TextBox
            {
                Text = "https://ctrader.com/",
                Margin = 3,
                Width = 150,
                MinWidth = 150,
                MaxWidth = 150
            };

            var goButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "→",
                Margin = 3
            };

            goButton.Click += OnGoButtonClick;

            var reloadButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "Reload",
                Margin = 3
            };

            reloadButton.Click += OnReloadButtonClick;

            var stopButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "x",
                Margin = 3
            };

            stopButton.Click += OnStopButtonClick;

            _scriptTextbox = new TextBox
            {
                Text = "alert('Hi');",
                Margin = 3,
                Width = 150,
                MinWidth = 150,
                MaxWidth = 150,
                IsEnabled = false
            };

            _executeScriptButton = new Button
            {
                Text = "Execute Script",
                Margin = 3,
                IsEnabled = false
            };

            _executeScriptButton.Click += OnExecuteScriptButtonClick;

            var addressBarPanel = new StackPanel
            {
                MaxHeight = 50,
                VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Top,
                BackgroundColor = Color.Black,
                Orientation = Orientation.Horizontal
            };

            addressBarPanel.AddChild(goBackButton);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(goForwardButton);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(_addressTextBox);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(goButton);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(reloadButton);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(stopButton);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(_scriptTextbox);
            addressBarPanel.AddChild(_executeScriptButton);

            _webView = new WebView
            {
                DefaultBackgroundColor = Color.Red
            };

            _webView.NavigationCompleted += OnWebViewNavigationCompleted;
            _webView.WebMessageReceived += OnWebViewWebMessageReceived;
            _webView.Loaded += OnWebViewLoaded;
            _webView.Unloaded += OnWebViewUnloaded;

            var mainGrid = new Grid(2, 1);

            mainGrid.Rows[0].SetHeightToAuto();
            mainGrid.Rows[1].SetHeightInStars(1);

            mainGrid.AddChild(addressBarPanel, 0, 0);
            mainGrid.AddChild(_webView, 1, 0);

            var window = new Window
            {
                Child = mainGrid
            };

            window.Show();
        }

        private void OnWebViewLoaded(WebViewLoadedEventArgs args)
        {
            Print($"Webview loaded, IsLoaded: {args.WebView.IsLoaded}");

            _webView.NavigateAsync(_addressTextBox.Text);
        }

        private void OnWebViewUnloaded(WebViewUnloadedEventArgs args)
        {
            Print($"Webview unloaded, IsLoaded: {args.WebView.IsLoaded}");
        }

        private void OnStopButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.StopAsync();
        }

        private void OnExecuteScriptButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            var result = _webView.ExecuteScript(_scriptTextbox.Text);

            Print($"IsSuccessful: {result.IsSuccessful} | Json: {result.Json}");
        }

        private void OnReloadButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.ReloadAsync();
        }

        private void OnGoForwardButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.GoForwardAsync();
        }

        private void OnGoBackButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.GoBackAsync();
        }

        private void OnGoButtonClick(ButtonClickEventArgs args)
        {
            _webView.NavigateAsync(_addressTextBox.Text);
        }

        private void OnWebViewWebMessageReceived(WebViewWebMessageReceivedEventArgs args)
        {
            Print($"Source: {args.Source} | Message: {args.Message}");
        }

        private void OnWebViewNavigationCompleted(WebViewNavigationCompletedEventArgs args)
        {
            Print($"{args.HttpStatusCode} | {args.IsSuccessful} | {args.Url}");

            _addressTextBox.Text = args.Url;
            _scriptTextbox.IsEnabled = true;
            _executeScriptButton.IsEnabled = true;
        }
    }
}

Last update: December 5, 2022

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