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Fibonacci Retracement

Fibonacci Retracement is a charting tool that uses horizontal parallel lines to indicate areas of the support or resistance at the key Fibonacci levels before the trend continues in the original direction. Fibonacci Retracement price levels can be used as buy triggers on pullbacks during an uptrend. The tool is used to determine how far the price might retrace before continuing to move in the original direction. Traders often use Fibonacci key levels to place pending orders.

The Fibonacci Retracement levels are based on Fibonacci numbers, the sequence, such that each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, but with each level associated with a percentage. Each percentage depicts how much of a prior move the price has retraced. In cTrader the default Fibonacci retracement levels are 0%, 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%, and 100%.

The main advantage of Fibonacci Retracement is that it can be drawn between any two significant price points, such as a high and a low, and then the tool will automatically create the levels between those two points and calculate the price automatically on each level.

In the example below the price of EURUSD drops from $1.5 to $1.22. In this case, those two levels will correspond 0% and 100%, and all the fluctuations between these two points can be derived from the levels as follows: 38.2%=$1.39, 50%=$1.36, 61.8%=$1.32. Fibonacci retracement levels do not need the user to specify formulas for them to be calculated. When the tool is applied to a chart, you only have select these two points, and the lines are drawn automatically at percentages of that move.

Flaws

When using the Fibonacci Retracement for detecting the potential support or resistance, you should note that there are no assurances that the price will 100% stop there, so you should use the additional confirmation signals, e.g. the price starting to bounce off the level, etc.

The other drawback is that there are too many of the levels, so that the price is likely to reverse near one of them quite often, but it's hard to predict which specific one to follow at any particular time. When it doesn't work out, it can always be claimed that the trader should have been following another Fibonacci retracement level instead.

Usage

The Fibonacci Retracements scope is quite wide - it can be used to determine levels for placing the orders, defining the stop-loss levels, setting the price targets, etc. For example, if you have noticed the price moving upwards, and then retracing to the 61.8% level, and then, going up again. Since this bounce occurred at a Fibonacci level during an uptrend, it's a signal to buy. A stop-loss might be set at the 61.8% level, as a return below that level could indicate that the rally has failed.

As the Fibonacci Retracement price levels are static, they can be very easily identified. It helps to react prudently when the price levels are tested. These levels are inflexion points where some type of price action is expected, either a reversal or a break.

‘The retracement level forecast’ is a technique that can identify at which level a retracement can happen. These retracement levels provide a good opportunity for the traders to enter new positions in the trend direction. The Fibonacci ratios, i.e. 61.8%, 38.2%, and 23.6%, help the trader identify the retracement’s possible extent. The trader can use these levels to position himself for trade.

In cTrader you have a Fibonacci Retracement instrument in your toolbar that allows drawing the tool on the chart, moving it, and configuring depending on your needs. You can find a detailed description of how to use it in the Fibonacci tools section of this documentation.